Thursday, March 22, 2018

Emotions: Mirrors of the Heart by Catherine Haddow

10Publishing, 2017, 126pp

We live in an age where feeling has trumped thinking. People are told to, ‘follow their hearts’, or ‘do what feels right to them’. I can scarcely think of worse advice. For, as the prophet Jeremiah tells us, ‘The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand it?’ (Jeremiah 17:9). The emotions of fallen humanity are not to be trusted. But neither are emotions to be discounted. In his great work, The Religious Affections Jonathan Edwards argued, “True religion, in great part, consists in holy affections.” He defined “affections” as,

all the exercises of the inclination and will… either in approving and liking, or disapproving and rejecting, so the affections are of two sorts; they are those by which the soul is carried out to what is in view, cleaving to it, or seeking it; or those by which it is averse from it, and opposes it. Of the former sort are love, desire, hope, joy, gratitude, complacence. Of the latter kind are hatred, fear, anger, grief, and such like

Our ‘affections’ reveal our inmost desires; what we delight in and what we dread, or despise. As Catherine Haddow puts it, “Emotions are mirrors of the heart”. When we ‘let rip’ at someone for some trivial offence, the state our hearts is revealed. The unwitting irritant has touched something precious to us, disturbing our selfish preoccupations. If we view the future with fear and foreboding because we cannot control it, our lack of faith in God’s sovereign care is likewise disclosed.

Most of us experience a certain amount of emotional turbulence, ranging from extreme grief to ecstatic joy. Usually we trundle along somewhere in between those two poles. Sometimes people get stuck in the negative end of the emotional spectrum. Anger, anxiety and misery prevail. We call it depression.

People suffering from depression may be referred to a counsellor for sessions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. This ‘talking treatment’ has its uses in helping to correct distorted thinking and disturbed emotions. Haddow draws on the insights of CBT, but also seeks to bring biblical principles to bear. She proposes a ‘tbH’ model, deploying an approach that addresses ‘thoughts, biology, behaviour, and Heart’.

The mind of a depressed person may become dominated by anxious, fearful thoughts. That, in turn, may make them feel nauseous when under pressure – a biological response. To avoid feeling that way, the sufferer will alter their behaviour to evade what they perceive as stressful situations. They begin to move in ever decreasing circles. But all this says something about the Heart. Perhaps the person in question is seeking security elsewhere than in God? In that case, they need to bring their heart to trust him as their refuge and strength. Their distorted thinking needs to be corrected in the light of God’s Word. Then they may know his peace that relieves us of soul-sapping anxiety, Philippians 4:6-7.

Haddow devotes chapters to ‘The sneers’, ‘The fears’, and ‘The tears’, applying her ‘tbH’ model to each type of negative feeling. The book makes for a searching read. The writer probes our hearts in the light of God’s word that we may see the things that often lie at the root of our disturbed emotions; pride, control-freakery, and a festering sense of loss that refuses to acknowledge that what the Lord has given he may also take away.  

I found the book useful for my own spiritual life. But it also has value for pastors and indeed all believers who are trying to offer guidance and support to people with emotional problems. Helpful direction is given on how to counsel such friends with understanding and biblical honesty. Haddow offers no pat answers, or silver bullets, but her ‘tbH’ approach provides a useful framework for biblical counselling.

It is refreshing that the author does not wrap counselling in a shroud of professional mystery. She urges the usefulness of the ordinary means of grace; church life, exposure to the Bible read and preached, prayer and the Sacraments.  But, contrary what Haddow says on p. 110, we are not to trust in the means of God’s grace to put him in the ‘driving seat’ of our lives. We are to trust in the God who works through means in order to impart all needed grace to his suffering people.

Jonathan Edwards said of the Ministry of the Word, “I should think myself in the way of my duty to raise the affections of my hearers as high as possibly I can, provided that they are affected with nothing but truth”. Edwards wanted his people to know 'joy unspeakable and full of glory' in their Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Some of the Lord's people, however, find themselves cast down and emotionally broken. 

Jesus, the Servant of the Lord par excellence confessed, ‘The Sovereign Lord has given me a well-instructed tongue, to know the word that sustains the weary.’ (Isaiah 50:4) Emotions: Mirrors of the Heart is full of sound, scriptural instruction on how to minister to believers with emotional difficulties. In one way or another, we all find ourselves in that camp. May this work be widely used to help afflicted Christians recover the joy of their salvation. 

Friday, March 16, 2018

In brief: the Spirit of life

Broadcaster Melvyn Bragg recently said he could not become a Christian because bodily resurrection is against the laws of physics. He is right, it is. Our hope is not based on the laws of physics, however, but the laws of pneumatics. As Paul said,"For the law of the Spirit (pneuma) of life has set you free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death." And again, "But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness." (Romans 8:2, 10) 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

In brief: repentance and faith

Repentance is our 'no' to sin against God. Faith is our 'yes' to forgiveness of sin from God.

In brief: the Spirit of Judgement

The same Holy Spirit who convicts the world of sin and judgement, in assurance echoes the verdict of heaven upon believers: "justified".

Monday, March 12, 2018

From plight to solution and back again

The view we take of the plight of human beings in sin will affect our understanding of salvation as the solution to sin.

If sin is a trivial problem, it requires only a trivial solution.

Is sin is serious, it demands a serious solution.

A Pelagian view of sin requires only a Socinian Jesus; a human example to show us a better way.

An Augustinian view of sin demands a Chalcedonian Jesus; one who is fully God and fully human in one person, dying in the place of human beings to put us right with God.

The same applies if you argue from solution to plight. If it took the death of God incarnate to save us from sin, then sin is the most weighty problem we will ever face. A problem that outside of Jesus has no solution.

Biblically speaking, Matthew 1:21 only holds true because of Matthew 1:23.

Friday, March 09, 2018

Unexpected Bookends: 2 Chronicles 32

Reading 2 Chronicles 32 the other day, I was struck by the way in which the chronicler opens and closes the chapter. The first and last verses act as unexpected bookends that hold the material in between together, 2 Chronicles 32:1, 33. 

Hezekiah is something of a rarity in Chronicles. He is one of the good guys, matching up to the godly standard set by David, 2 Chronicles 29:2. In 2 Chronicles 29-31, the king leads Southern Kingdom in a programme of thoroughgoing reformation. He cleanses the temple in Jerusalem from the filth of idolatry. He reforms temple worship according to the biblical pattern. He revives the ancient feast of the Passover that had long been neglected. He ensures the priests and Levies are provided for and that they carried out their ministry in the temple. The Chronicler summarises Hezekiah's reforms in the most glowing terms, 2 Chronicles 31:20-21. 

It is something of a shock, then to read the opening words of 2 Chronicles 32, "After these things and these acts of faithfulness, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, thinking to win them for himself.". Not what you might expect. Following unparalleled faithfulness, Hezekiah finds himself under siege. The kingdom is in peril. Where did that come from? 

Times of blessing and advance often provoke a backlash. It doesn't seem as though the Lord was disciplining Hezekiah by sending Sennacherib against him. Hezekiah was no Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28). But the Lord was testing his servant to see whether he would remain faithful while surrounded by the Assyrian hordes. Hezekiah stood firm by taking practical measures to withstand the siege (2 Chronicles 32:1-5, preaching (2 Chronicles 32:6-8) and prayer (2 Chronicles 32:20-23). 

Similarly in church life, a fellowship may seek to be faithful to the Lord in their life and witness and experience some fruitfulness and blessing. Then comes trouble, from within, or without. That 'trouble' does not call into question the reality of former blessing. But difficulties and setbacks are a test of our spiritual resilience. By way of response we could do little better than take a leaf from Hezekiah's book. We should take practical measures can to address problems in the fellowship. But above all we need preaching and prayer to see us through in the face of enemy attack, Ephesians 6:10-20. 

The siege is broken, 2 Chronicles 32:21. 

Hezekiah dies as the chapter draws to a close. The king is buried in honour. Mention is made of his "good deeds" (2 Chronicles 32:32-33). But 2 Chronicles 32 ends on a devastating note, "And Manasseh his son reigned in his place." One of the best is followed by one of the worst. If not the worst. Manasseh systematically undid his father's reforms. His anti-Yahweh zeal is detailed in 2 Chronicles 33:1-9. 

Unexpected bookends. 

The cycle of faithfulness and failure in Chronicles ends with the Babylonian captivity of the Southern Kingdom. Not quite. The final paragraph points to life after Babylon, 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. Never again, however, would a king in the line of David sit upon the throne of Israel. 

Whole Bible unexpected bookends.

Adam lost his crown - and ours. 
David's successors lost their crown.
A new David won his crown by his Cross. 
The Last Adam crowned - and we in him. 

Thursday, March 01, 2018

Snow on St David's Day

It was meant to be the first day of Spring.
Early daffodils promised warmth,
Their yellow beckoning the sun.
But now they are frozen to the roots,
Submerged beneath chilly white dust.
You can never tell with the Welsh.
Always awkward.

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Blogging in the Name of the Lord: David Robertson

GD: Hello David Robertson, and welcome to Exiled Preacher. Please tell us a little about yourself.

DR: I’m the minister of StPeter’s Free Church in Dundee, Church of Robert Murray McCheyne.    I’m married to Annabel and have three  grown up children – Andrew, Becky, and Emma Jane. I’m the associate director of the Solas Centre for Public Christianity. I edit the Free Church's Record,  have authored several books and a regular columnist for Christian Today and write occasionally for other websites and magazines

GD: You blog at: 'The Blog of David Robertson'. What made you start blogging?

DR: I’ve always written but I guess this was a kind of personal therapy! It was the best way that I could be free to express my views without incriminating or being restricted by the websites that I often wrote for.

 GD: Which blogs do you enjoy reading and why?

 DR: I don’t usually read blogs!

GD: Fair enough. What are the strengths and weaknesses of blogging as a medium for reflection on theological and ministry matters?

DR: You can delude yourself that you are reaching far more people than you in reality are. You can pontificate as though you were some kind of papal  figure. And you can take things  far too personally. On the other hand it is a great way to encourage people, to challenge people and to provoke and stimulate constructive discussion.

GD: Do you use other forms of social media, and why/what for?

DR: I use Twitter to post links to good articles, Facebook for more personal stuff and to provoke unto love and good works and Instagram to report on preaching and other speaking engagements. I use all of these to try and provoke interest in the gospel as well as some of its implications and some of its personal impact upon me.

GD: Do you think engaging in discussion on social media changes people’s minds, or is it just an echo chamber?

DR: It is primarily an echo chamber. Although I have known people whose minds have been changed and indeed who have been converted through social media. My mind has occasionally been changed!

GD: Tell us how you felt called to pastoral ministry:

DR: Too long a story to tell! Acts 5:20, the guidance of the church, the prompting of the Holy Spirit and providential circumstances all contributed

GD: Where did you train for the ministry and what did you find especially helpful about your training?

DR: Edinburgh theologicalseminary – systematic theology, new Testament Greek, old Testament Hebrew and church history were all particularly helpful.

GD: Who has had the greatest influence on your theological development?

DR: John Calvin;  Augustine;  John Flavel;  John Owen; Tim Keller

GD: What do you cherish most about the Free Church of Scotland?

DR:  Its people and its wholehearted commitment to the gospel

GD: How does the Free Church engage with the wider Evangelical world?

DR: Not very well! We are involved with the evangelical alliance, various reformed fellowships and in local gospel partnerships.

GD: What is Solas all about?

DR: The communication of Christianity in the public square through media, training and public engagement.

GD: You often engage in public debate with atheists. What is the strongest argument atheists have produced in debate and what was your response?

DR: Often the strongest arguments are based upon personal experience – the answers depend on listening to what those experiences are an engaging with them from a Christian perspective.  The hardest biblical ones tend to be those associated with passages which seem to imply that God commanded genocide.   Paul Copan’s “ Is God a Moral Monster?” Is very helpful on this.

GD: You recently labelled Steve Chalke’s message anti-Christ, yet you have also referred to Pope Benedict XVI as a ‘Christian brother’. Please explain.

DR: One mocks the Bible, denies the atonement, rejects Christ’s teaching on marriage and adopts all the liberal shibboleths of our culture.  the other accepts the Bible, celebrates the atonement, endorses Christ’s teaching on marriage and challenges the liberal shibboleths of our culture. I prefer the latter

GD: What’s your take on Jordan Peterson’s message to men? Does the church have anything to say to the male of the species?

DR: He comes very close – but still does not get the gospel. I find him very inspiring and very challenging. And of course we have plenty to say to the male of the species because the gospel is addressed to both male and female.

GD: You are often quite vocal about political matters, such as Scottish independence and Brexit. Shouldn’t preachers stick to the pulpit?

DR: If you thought that was the case you  would not ask me  to spend time with the pulpit commenting on these issues!   As a private citizen I am perfectly entitled to express opinions about many different matters. As a Christian minister I have no right to, and I never do, bring party political matters into the pulpit. The Bible has nothing to say on Scottish independence or Brexit. This does not mean that I should not… But I should not equate my views with those of the Bible or the message of the church, which should be the message of the Bible.

GD: Which character from post-New Testament church history would you most like to meet and what would you say to him/her?

DR: John Owen… What did you mean by…?

GD: Do let us know what he said. Billy Graham passed into the presence of the Lord just recently. What is your assessment of his life and ministry?

DR: See my blog written on that matter. 

GD: What would be your three top tips for budding preachers?

DR: Get a formal training, continue to be involved in a biblical church, and pray without ceasing!

GD: What is the most helpful theological book that you have read in the last twelve months? It is a must read because?

DR: Sinclair Ferguson’s “The Whole Christ” – the best book you will ever read on theology!

GD: What do you do to relax?

DR: Cycle, play chess, go to the cinema

GD: Care to share your top three songs or pieces of music?

DR: Bach’s St John’s Passion; Led Zeppelin’s stairway to heaven; Beethoven’s Pastoral

GD: What is the biggest problem facing evangelicalism in the UK today and how should we respond?

DR: Loss of confidence in the Bible, especially in its  sufficiency and power.   Combined with the inability to discern the times and realise what is going on in the culture. The solution is to have a recommitment to the supremacy of Scripture and to live it out in our contemporary culture.

GD: Thanks for dropping by for this conversation. 

Friday, February 09, 2018

Blogging in the Name of the Lord: Jim Sayers

GD: Hello Jim Sayers, and welcome to Exiled Preacher. Please tell us a little about yourself.

JDS: I live in Abingdon with my wife Helen and our son Josh (who is now 2” taller than me at 6’4”). Laura is a relay worker in Glasgow and Meg is studying costume construction in London. Helen is a teaching assistant and I have been Communications Director for Grace Baptist Mission for nearly 9 years, following 16 years in pastoral ministry.

GD: You blog at What made you start blogging?

JDS: Hard to remember exactly. When I had a sabbatical in 2007 I had run a short, rather bland travel blog so my flock knew what their pastor was doing on sabbatical – churches I has visited, books I’d finally finished. That came off the web when I left for GBM in 09. I watched a few friends start their own blogs, but was busy doing an M.Th with Edinburgh Theological Seminary on the biblical theology of nationhood. Coming to the end of the writing process, I found we were in the middle of a minor referendum, so I decided to blog some of the key ideas about nationhood. This caused lift-off with about 500 hits the night before the Brexit vote – a feat not repeated since! Since then I’ve tried to make the blog live up to its billing, by looking at a wider range of issues related to mission, nations, culture and worship. When my work takes me to another country, it helps to write about the culture I visit. Then there are cultural moments to reflect on, books to review that fit the theme, and the occasional ‘seven things I’d like to….’ kind of posts that spill out too easily. I think it’s better to post thoughtfully and well on what you know well, rather than expose everything you think in some regular daily diatribe.  

GD: Which blogs do you enjoy reading and why?

JDS: I love Eddie Arthur’s – short, pithy and well read – the place to start in world mission blogging. Chris Green’s MinistryNuts and Bolts is always good value on the skills of pastoral ministry. Stephen Kneale’s Building Jerusalem is consistently good. John Steven’s DissentingOpinions is provocative, and as a minor law graduate I love the posts that draw on his legal background. (John does seem to get an FIEC connection out of everything from Rolf Harris to eternal subordination!) No one blogs better than David Robertson’s The Wee Flea, which because I studied with the Free Church years ago is specially good for connecting with the Scottish scene. And of course there is an exiled preacher from Wales who likes his rugby!

GD: You're too kind. What are the strengths and weaknesses of blogging as a medium for reflection on theological and ministry matters?

JDS: It is good to be able to get your thoughts into something shorter than a sermon or the chapter of a book. I learnt to write by reading the editorials of Prof. Donald Macleod in the Free Church Monthly Record – so pithy, with short, punchy sentences full of passion and wit. He used his commas sparingly. He preferred the full stop. He connected theology with politics to great effect. When I was a pastor in Kesgrave, I had a column in the local community magazine where I had a 750 word limit to write an apologetics piece. I thrived on it. You learn the discipline of thinking your way into your audience’s mind, and working out what they will make of your obsessions and convictions. So blogging is a good discipline for we preachers who are wont to go on a bit. Its weakness is vanity – the expectation that the world’s public need to read my meagre offerings. After 2 hours graft at my imagined brilliance, the stats page tells me that six people bothered to read it. The blogosphere is big these days, so don’t imagine you can gain a wide audience. Keep a sense of perspective.  

GD: Do you use other forms of social media, and why/what for?

JDS: I was on Twitter first, which is a great place for keeping up with ministry friends. I went on Facebook last August just to keep up with a few friends. I’ve decided that Twitter is like the news vendor shouting his headlines, whereas Facebook is like the ladies at the bus stop next to him having a good gossip. Mind you, put your blog posts on Facebook and the hit-count goes through the roof. I get bored with facebook, but the wit of Twitter is a joy. For GBM I am also now running an Instagram account.

GD: Which character from post-New Testament church history would you most like to meet and what would you say to him/her?

JDS: William Wilberforce, who is a real hero for me. I would want to commend him for his faithfulness, discuss the rather incremental way in which he set about the abolition movement – not going for complete emancipation at once. Can that say something to the pro-Life movement today? I’d also like to ask him why he became addicted to opiates!

GD: Tell us how you felt called to pastoral ministry:

JDS: I wanted to go into politics as a teenager – the full speech-in-front-of-the-bathroom-mirror variety. But at 17 I heard a preacher expound 2 Timothy 4 and knew God had spoken to me. When I went to Uni to study law, I heard Geoff Thomas preach and ached to be an expositor. From time to time I have wondered about politics, but gospel ministry always pulls me back.

GD: Where did you train for the ministry and what did you find especially helpful about your training?

JDS: Geoff Thomas wanted to send me to Westminster in Philadelphia, but when that wasn’t possible I went to Free Church College Edinburgh. Mostly I loved it, especially John L Mackay’s OT lectures and Alasdair I Macleod’s homiletics and pastoral studies. But the big pull was…..

GD: Who has had the greatest influence on your theological development?

JDS: Donald Macleod. A real privilege to study systematics under him. Every lecture was top quality, building a framework of thought. He would pause every couple of days for questions, and it was like pressing a button and out came another flow of brilliance.

GD: What would be your three top tips for budding preachers?

1.   JDS: Preach within your range. Don’t do John 13-17, Romans 1-8 or Jeremiah to start with. 2. Don’t feel you have to say everything. Leave plenty on your desk and preach what you can make vivid and coherent. (3) Learn to apply well. That means inhabiting the lives of your hearers, more than half of whom will be women. Don’t be abstract – connect directly into their daily challenges.

GD: Why the switch to working for Grace Baptist Mission?

JDS: God had involved me in GBM and in some mission trips to West Africa before the job came up. I knew it was time to move on from Kesgrave, but couldn’t see a way out. When my job because free, it was obvious to us that this was God’s next step for us.

GD What does your role as Communication Director involve?

JDS: I am in change of all GBM communications – magazines, website, our monthly video bulletin Prayer Waves, our prayer diary etc. I also run our Envision programme of short-term mission opportunities. Together with Daryl Jones the Mission Director, we work with sending churches to help them care for their missionaries, and we both preach out among the supporting churches.

GD: What are some of the greatest encouragements and challenges faced by GBM at present?

JDS: It is wonderful to see new churches being planted in several places across Europe, and to see the rapid movement of church growth in places like India and Kenya. Helping churches send new missionaries is a real joy. The big challenge is just to stand still. The average missionary serves for ten years. We need to be helping sending churches to send at least two couples a year just to replace those coming home. Mission support is now much more focussed on giving to individual missionaries rather than mission agencies, so we have to restructure our costs. We need to connect with a new generation of supporters, most of all through the new media.  

GD: You believe that God has a special plan for nations. Which is?

JDS: We have to read gen 10 and 11 together, seeing a world of nations living quietly together as God’s norm, and being aware of the dangers of a Babel-like tendency to think ‘global is best’ and we can solve the world’s problems by some global structure. All such empires end in failure, and often in bloodshed. So rediscovering the humility of biblical nationhood without descending into the idolatry of nationalism is vital. Biblical nationhood is a third way that avoids both the hatred of nationalism and the hubris of empire. Christian mission should honour every nation by dedicated contextualisation and a commitment to working in indigenous languages.

GD: How do you understand the relationship between the local churches and mission agencies such as GBM?

JDS: GBM is a mission agency without any missionaries. We help churches to send and care for their missionaries. We cannot tell a missionary to come home. Only their church can. But at the same time they need us to help them raise the support from other churches that their missionary needs. So it is a partnership. It is a joy to be in a review meeting with a church who really take their missionary’s care seriously.  

GD: What does it mean to be a ‘Reformed/Grace Baptist’ in terms of theological and ecclesiological distinctives?

JDS: Grace is central, and we need to understand it in all its biblical richness – the grace that chooses, becomes incarnate, atones, calls the dead to life, equips Christians to live, and glorifies us. This shapes the way we preach the gospel, how we do evangelism, and how we pray. It should also make us more gracious – a tall order in a selfish age. In terms of the Church, everything flows from union with Christ. We must not have an individualist/supermarket approach to church. To be alive in Christ is to be united to our fellow-Christians, and that is shown in baptism, which brings into membership of the local church, which identifies itself when it takes communion together. Grace Baptist churches are also known for their commitment to church-based mission.

GD: What is the most helpful theological book that you have read in the last twelve months? It is a must read because?

JDS: The Whole Christ by Sinclair Ferguson. The marrow controversy is little understood today, but it cuts to the heart of our understanding of how the free offer of the gospel is preached, and the basis of our assurance. I think it is essential reading on the doctrine of the Christian life. He deals brilliantly with the similarities between the legalist and the careless sinner, and also takes apart the NPP on his way.

GD: You claim, “Marilynne Robinson is the world’s greatest living novelist.” Why is that?

JDS: She is still quite undiscovered in the UK. I love all three Gilead novels. She has created a new genre – the pastoral novel, in the sense of the life of the pastor. I’m not entirely sure she gets the justice of God as clearly as the grace of God, but the contrast between the legalist Jack Boughton who can’t save himself, and Lila Ames who can’t imagine she could be saved, is quite brilliant. Students will be reading her in 100 years’ time.

GD: A very fine writer. What do you do to relax?

JDS: I did my allotment, where all life’s problems unravel slowly. I also love quality TV drama: The West Wing. The Crown. Endeavour. We love doing National Trust properties. Walking by the Thames.

GD: Care to share your top three songs or pieces of music?

JDS: Beethoven’s 6th. Wade in the Water – Eva Cassidy. Coat of Many Colours - Dolly Parton.

GD: And finally, what is the biggest problem facing evangelicalism in the UK today and how should we respond?

JDS: A truly Lloyd-Jones question! We are a mission field where the church is in decline, but most of our troops have left the front line, and we are doing maintenance. Huge amounts of effort go into conferences, yet very few Christians are equipped to relate the gospel to everyday life. Huge expectations are made of pastors, but so many Christians are detached from church life and cruise from church to church. There is a chronic lack of discipleship. There are a few problems to be going on with. The Doctor would have known which one was the biggest question facing the Christian Church today. 

GD: No doubt. Thanks for dropping by for this conversation, Jim. 

Wednesday, February 07, 2018

Free Speech

Freedom of speech is of fundamental importance in a democratic society. There can be no true liberty where citizens are not free to speak their minds. As the film Darkest Hour bears eloquent testimony, the thing that drove Churchill as wartime Prime Minister was his determination to safeguard the freedom of the British people. That is what roused him to stand up to Nazi tyranny at all costs, while others were flirting with appeasement.

One of the first freedoms to fall when tyranny takes hold is free speech. Tyrants don’t welcome public criticism. They are threatened by the free exchange of ideas that may call into question their state-sanctioned dogmas. Free speech is under threat today because people think they have the right not to hear things with which they disagree, or may find offensive. We are in danger of falling prey to the tyranny of fashionable opinion.

University students demand ‘safe spaces’ where their opinions won’t be challenged. They require ‘trigger warnings’ should their lecturers touch on controversial subjects. Look at what happened just recently when Jacob Rees-Mogg was invited to speak at the University of the West of England in Bristol. Whether or not we agree with his views, surely he had a right to express them without being shouted down, or pushed around.

Winston Churchill once commented, “Everyone is in favour of free speech. Hardly a day passes without its being extolled, but some people’s idea of it is that they are free to say what they like, but if anyone says anything back, that is an outrage.”

Freedom of religion goes hand in hand with freedom of speech. No one has the right to impose their beliefs on others. Faith must not be used as a pretext for inciting hatred or violence. But the freedom to practice and proclaim one’s faith in the public square must be upheld. 

Ofsted Chief Inspector Amanda Spielman is to be commended for standing up to Islamic extremism in English schools, but she struck a worrying note when she equated "the most conservative voices in a particular faith" [Christianity included] with "ideologies that close minds or narrow opportunity". 

It is possible to be a theologically conservative Christian and hold socially conservative views, while believing that schoolchildren should study a broad and enriching curriculum that will lead to opportunity for all. 

There is a danger that Ms. Spielman's 'muscular liberalism' could prove almost as close-mindedly intolerant  and opportunity narrowing as the extremism against which she has rightly taken a stand. I mean, are not, 'individual liberty' and 'mutual respect for and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs' meant to be Fundamental British Values? Maybe 'different faiths' has been redefined as 'different liberal versions of faith'. If so, religious freedom is under threat, and with it, freedom of speech. 

Freedom of speech is allied to the search for truth. Having our views challenged helps us come to a better understanding of things. According to the Christian faith human beings are truth-seekers because we are made in the image of the God of truth. We may seek him and find him because God has made himself known to us in Jesus Christ. As Jesus said, “you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”